Spinal Cord Injury Basics
Part one of our series for National Spinal Cord Injury Awareness Month.
“When I first heard the devastating news about David’s accident back in September of 2011, I thought I knew what it meant to have a spinal cord injury. It meant that you couldn’t walk. When my neighbor (who is a physical therapist) asked me what level of injury David had, I told her it was a C4-C5 injury. She made an “Ohhhhh” sound indicating that was really, really bad. I realized at that moment that I didn’t actually know what it meant to have a spinal cord injury. Since then I’ve learned that it’s more than not being able to walk.”
– David’s Aunt Kristen
A spinal cord injury occurs when someone suffers a traumatic injury to their neck or back that causes so much damage to the spinal cord that some nerves can no longer send messages to the brain.
People often confuse paraplegia with quadriplegia.
• Paraplegia is the loss of sensation and movement in the legs, and in part or all of the trunk, usually resulting from an injury to the spinal cord below the neck.
• Quadriplegia is total or partial paralysis in all four limbs, including the trunk, resulting from injury to the neck.
We all link spinal cord injury to loss of movement, but did you know that there are many other other serious medical issues associated with SCI? Secondary conditions from spinal cord injury include pressure sores, respiratory complications, spasticity, and autonomic dysreflexia.
Many quadriplegics die as a direct result of complications related to pressure sores. Christopher Reeve, the star who portrayed Superman, died of complications from an infection caused by a bedsore.
Spasticity is a side effect of paralysis that varies from mild muscle stiffness to severe, uncontrollable leg movements. Although it’s embarrassing, spasticity is not always a bad thing because it acts as a warning mechanism to identify pain or problems in areas with no sensation.
Autonomic dysreflexia (Hyperreflexia) causes the blood pressure to rise to potentially dangerous levels and can develop suddenly. Autonomic dysreflexia is usually caused when a painful stimulus occurs below the level of spinal cord injury. Anything that would have been painful, uncomfortable, or physically irritating before the injury may cause autonomic dysreflexia after the injury. If not treated promptly and correctly, it may lead to seizures, strokes and even death.
What is it like living with a spinal cord injury? In our next installment we’ll share stories from people living with SCI.
This is the first part of our series for National Spinal Cord Injury Awareness Month. The series is designed to help us all understand what living with a spinal cord injury is like for David and millions of other people around the world.